Eliminate concerns about facility usage and maintenance costs. Conducting a financial analysis can make potential costs transparent, and establishing cost-sharing arrangements as part of the sharing agreement could reduce this burden (Spengler, Connaughton, & Carroll, 2011). Seattle, WA, has implemented a complex sharing agreement between the city and school district to simplify the planning of all school and urban recreational facilities: www.cityofseattle.net/parks/Publications/JointUse.htm agreements on sharing, sharing, open use or shared use allow the public to access existing facilities by setting cost- and risk-sharing conditions. that are associated with the extension of the use of an asset. Public, private, or non-profit organizations such as schools, colleges, community and senior centers, government agencies responsible for unused or unused public land, religious organizations, hospitals, the military, or mixed-use development projects can create shared use agreements to allow the community to access their property before or after work. Shared Use Agreements can be formal (i.e., based on a written legal document) or informal (i.e., based on historical practices) and tailored to the needs of the community (ChangeLab-Gladstone 2018). California has very effective sharing policies. The following resources are useful for sharing additional information: FSUW-Shared use 2014 – Framework for Shared Use Workgroup (FSUW). Establish evidence: Establish a framework for assessing the costs and impacts of sharing agreements. Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, ChangeLab Solutions, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Public Health Law Research. 2014. Many cities, counties, and states are using sharing agreements to expand access to places of physical activity, including New York City.
Seattle (SRTSNP share); Lake Worth, Greenacres and Palm Springs, Florida (shared by ALBD and FL); Fairfax County, Virginia (CDC-JUA spotlight VA); Hamilton County, Ohio (WeThrive Community Wellness); Pitt County, North Carolina (ALBD-Pitt County) and California (SRTSNP Joint Use). The Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) and the American Youth Soccer Organization (AYSO) have a sharing agreement and, as part of their agreement, AYSO recruits participants from the LAUSD attendance area and awards scholarships to students who lack economic resources (FSUW-Shared use 2014). One study suggests that formal shared use agreements are more common in large school districts, urban areas, and the West than in the Midwest, South, and Northeast (Everett Jones 2015). Lafleur 2013 – Lafleur M, Gonzalez E, Schwarte L, et al. Increasing physical activity in underserved communities through school-based, sharing agreements, Los Angeles County, 2010-2012. 2013;10(6):E89. A more rigorous evaluation of policies is needed to link sharing agreements to physical activity levels. Student-focused studies have revealed progressive associations between shared use policies and physical activity. Slater and colleagues (2014) found that the prevalence of physical activity participation (i.e., physical activity almost every day, at least once a week, or occasionally) among students increased by one percent for each additional facility space established by a sharing agreement.
Kanters and colleagues (2014a) found a more consistent association between minutes of physical activity and the number of activities and participants in shared community programs for girls than for boys. However, sharing policies can vary greatly from school to school, and these partnerships also have the potential to increase physical activity outside the student population among residents in a broader sense, making the health impact difficult to quantify. Nevertheless, the National Physical Activity Plan and Healthy People 2020 aim to share school facilities as an important opportunity to promote physical activity, and the American Heart Association has also supported sharing as a strategy to improve cardiovascular health. .